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By 1845, the British Empire had expanded from Bengal to Sindh, and all that remained free was Punjab. The Sikhs were ruling over Punjab and after the Second Sikh War in 1848, the British gained control over the Indus. The Muslims were treated like slaves and they were not allowed to live independently. At this time, they were powerless. Then the war of Independence broke out in January and March 1857.
his mutiny spread swiftly across the Sub-continent.
Initially, the Indian soldiers were able to push back the British forces.
The British army was driven out of Delhi and the Indian soldiers took control of the city. The civilians, citizens and other dignitaries took oath of allegiance to the Emperor. The Emperor issued his own coin and appointed his sons to key posts. The British quickly regained control of Delhi. They ransacked and destroyed the city. They took revenge in the most gruesome manner by killing innocent people indiscriminately. A wide scale massacre of the inhabitants of Delhi was carried out to avenge the killings of the British soldiers. The Mughal emperor was captured from his sanctuary, the tomb of Emperor Humayun. The emperor's sons were slaughtered in cold blood. Their bodies were beheaded and their heads were presented to the aging emperor in prison. The British thus became masters of India, where for nearly 800 years Muslims had ruled. However, their attitude towards the Muslims was that of antipathy. The beginning of Tehrik-e-Pakistan in the leadership of Quaid-e-Azam Mohammad Ali Jinnah was a step toward War on Independence. The main aim of this motto was to get an independent state for Muslims, where they can live freely and perform their prayers and cultural traditions. Where people may decide according to their own wills. The resources of the country will be spending for the development of its residents. But the British regime offered attractive jobs to the Muslims of the sub-continent if they carry out the orders of British. In this way, they want to control the whole resources of the state and want their government forever. But the Muslims did not fulfill their desire because separate land was the right of Muslims where Muslims are free to do anything in the boundaries of Islam and in which the Islamic laws adhered.
Quaid-e-Azam gave us a separate home land by the will of Almighty Allah on 14th August 1947. The Muslims got a separate country, where the Islamic laws are accepted. And the Muslims live in the Islamic atmosphere. But after getting independence since 60 years, the sacrifices of those killed in getting Pakistan looks futile. After Quaid-e-Azam and Liaquat Ali Khan death, the ruling parties want to make their voters their subordinates and create disturbance by the name of language, religion and nationality, which directly led to the hate among society.
In democratic societies, political parties play a significant role in articulating citizens' aspirations. Upon gaining people's support and electoral trust, they serve as a vital link between the state and society. However, Pakistan's elitist political scene portrays a totally different picture. There are over 90 fringe political parties cherishing religious and nationalist ethos and less than a dozen mainstream political parties struggling for breathing space to survive. Though the country appears to be fertile land for growth of political parties, owing to multiple factors, very few would fit into any strict definition of a proper political organization.
Political parties in Pakistan have remained underdeveloped, courtesy the low level of development of Pakistani society, authoritarian political culture, and an imbalance of power between the powerful state and weak political institutions. Consequently, political parties have failed to contribute substantially towards democratizing the Pakistani state and society. Presently, most of the parties are passing through a critical phase of their existence. Since Pakistan’s inception, the combination of self-interest and Islamic politics has complicated the problem of building a political organization with broad responsibilities to the larger society. Since the 1950s, the Islamisation of Pakistan has been sustained not only by the religious parties but more so by the mainstream parties and the military who have always used the religious card as a convenient tool to garner public sympathy and secure legitimacy for their regimes. The Muslim League used Islam as a political tool during the freedom struggle to bring the Muslims together against the Indian National Congress and its vision of an Independent India. After 1947, the interference of the clergy in politics or their utility in politics has been enhanced in a structured manner in Pakistan by the ruling elite on whom the responsibility of shaping Pakistan's political future rested.
On the other hand, the ethnic factor has played an important role in Pakistan's political history. Pakistan, being a multiethnic state, needed to evolve an adequate system of representation and a just and equitable distribution of power and resources in order to maintain ethnic peace and harmony. However, the dominance of the state structure, especially the bureaucracy and the military, by one or two ethnic groups, tended to augment ethnic tensions and violence. This practice is still on rise.
The progressive parties tried their best to impose the western culture and traditions in Pakistan. This led to the misfortune of people. They never win the hearts and minds of people. It is the demand of time to empower the people. In this way, we can face the attacks from internal and external elements. It is not a time for sloganeering. There is a need for skill development. Pakistan should be equipped with modern skills to meet the future challenges. The dilemma is that:
  • political parties working in the name of democracy did not trust common Pakistanis for sharing power,
  • political parties working in the name of Islam did not trust common Muslims for sharing power,
  • provincial Nationalist parties did not trust common men in the province for sharing power,
  So, who will trust the common Pakistani whom the country belongs to?   As a responsible citizen of this society, I am submitting herewith, the substitute management structure before you, which not only empower the Oppressed, but provide them justice and complete safeguard. This also leads to the prosperity. Islamic Democratic Party is committed to the establishment of a welfare state in a country where people can have political freedom, economic opportunity and social justice. Where in the provinces will be based on democratic division and centre, on the democratic provinces. As a comprehensive overhauling of our society is required in order to deliver the benefits of a welfare state to the masses. This means that the state must play an activist role in the economic and social revival of our country.
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